If you are ready to get rid of your old air-conditioning system and upgrade to a new one, you will want to carefully consider what type of system you want in your home. There are various styles of systems you can install in your home.
1. Air Source Heat Pump
One of the more traditional systems that you can install in your home is a heat pump. With a heat pump, electricity is used to move around inside of your home. In the summer, it pulls warm air out of your home. In the winter, it pumps warm air into your home.
This type of system works best as a replacement if you already have ductwork installed in your home, as the air will flow through the ductwork system. If you don't have ductwork already, installing it can greatly increase the cost of this type of air-conditioning system.
Additionally, a heat pump works best in mild climates. It doesn't work as effectively in climates with more extreme temperatures. In mild climates, it is highly energy efficient.
2. Central Air Conditioner
Another popular and traditional system is a central air conditioner system. It has a condensing unit that is located outside the home and an evaporative unit inside your home. These two units are connected to each other via a refrigerant tube.
The condensing unit cools the air and sends it to the evaporative unit, which then pushes the air through a duct system. A central air-conditioning system often relies on using the duct system for your furnace, so this may not be a good option for your home if you don't have a furnace.
3. Ductless Air Conditioner
An option that has gained popularity in recent years is a ductless air-conditioning system because you don't have to add a duct to use it. This type of system is also referred to as a split system or a mini-split system; all of these names refer to the same thing.
A ductless air-conditioning system consists of two units. One unit is installed on the interior wall of your home. Then a separate unit is connected outside of your home. These are connected with a refrigerant tube. These work well in smaller homes or homes that don't have any ductwork installed. You can install more than one interior unit if you have a larger home that you need to cool off.
Talk to your general contractor to determine what type of residential air-conditioning replacement is right for your home. The right system will depend upon what you previously had in place, the size of your home, and your heating and cooling needs.